Introduction

The worldwide web is more than 30 years old, however, the internet is even older. But, in reality, the internet and the web is getting younger by the day as both computational power and networks get better and better.

In the early 2000s, the web was mostly made up of documents that contained only text and images. But, ever since then we have come a long way as you can see web applications nowadays are better at serving your needs very easily.

Web Browsers are great platforms upon which great products and services are built. They have become better and stronger over the years.

In the end, it all boils down to our three musketeers, i.e., HTML, CSS and JavaScript when you talk about websites and web applications.

Let me give you an analogy to understand. Let's consider a car as our analogy.

Brief History of JavaScript

This is the start of Web 2.0.

In the early 90's, the need was felt to add interactivity with the web page. Around same time, Java was popular and was coming up in big way. Java had became too big of a language to add interactivity to the web page and was an overkill for web designers and amateur developers.

There was a most popular web browser called Netscape Communicator. They were looking for a light-weight scripting language for the web which could be used for interactivity and manipulating contents of the web page dynamically.

In the mid 1995, Netscape hired a programmer who was specialized in languages called Brendan Eich. Within 2 weeks he created a language called Mocha, which later became JavaScript.

Mocha made its debut in Netscape Communicator in the May of 1995. It was later named to LiveScript due to some marketing purposes.

In December 1995, Netscape Communicator and Sun joined hands, and LiveScript was renamed to JavaScript to make it sound like a younger cousin of Java, which adds interactive features to HTML.

In 1996, a need for JavaScript to be turned into formal standard was found, to set the standards and ensure that the implementation should follow certain guidelines and goals.

To make this happen, ECMA (European Computer Manufacturers Association) was approached. ECMA gave an official code number to JavaScript, ECMA-262. A committee was also created called TC-39 (Technical Committee no. 39), to look over any future changes to the language.

Since JavaScript, the name was trademark by the company Sun Microsystems. The name ECMAScript was given to the refer to the language standards or rather versions.

What JavaScript has to offer?

Let's look at some more specific uses of JavaScript in web development.

Front-End Interactivity: Web development is only made better by the increased interactivity and features that JavaScript offers.

Web Applications: Web applications are similar to websites, but instead, they get packaged into a neat little box, which improves control over security and more.

Browser Games: The modern web browser has come a long way; developers even make robust games that function in a browser.

Back End Web Development: Web development has come a long way, and now JavaScript is so robust it can even be used to manage the back end of websites and web applications.

Mobile Applications: JavaScript can also be used to build an application for non-web contexts. The features and uses of JavaScript make it a powerful tool for creating mobile applications. This is a Framework for building web and mobile apps using JavaScript. Using React Native, we can build mobile applications for different operating systems. We do not require to write code for different systems. Write once use it anywhere!

Machine Learning: The libraries like ml5.js and tensorflow.js allows you to apply machine learning models in modern web development.

Conclusion

In conclusion, JavaScript is a lightweight, cross-platform, single-threaded, and interpreted compiled programming language. It is best known for web page development but it is also used in a variety of non-browser environments. It is the language of modern era as it allows you to do a lot of things apart from web development.

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